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Cách dùng và những lưu ý khi dùng PEP  

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03:03 13/03/2017

Khi bạn có nguy cơ lây nhiễm HIV, việc dự phòng phơi nhiễm là rất cần thiết. Tuy nhiên sẽ có rất nhiều thắc mắc xoay quanh việc dùng thuốc dự phòng vậy cách dùng thuốc ra.. [..]

Khi bạn có nguy cơ lây nhiễm HIV, việc dự phòng phơi nhiễm là rất cần thiết. Tuy nhiên sẽ có rất nhiều thắc mắc xoay quanh việc dùng thuốc dự phòng vậy cách dùng thuốc ra sao và có những lưu ý nào khi dùng?

Bài viết dưới đây chúng tôi sẽ tổng hợp giúp bạn!


Cách dùng thuốc PEP:

 

  • Điều trị dự phòng sau phơi nhiễm nên được bắt đầu càng sớm càng tốt cho tất cả đối tượng có nguy cơ lây nhiễm HIV, tối ưu nhất trong vòng 72 giờ
  • Sử dụng phác đồ ba thuốc uống hàng ngày và điều trị dự phòng 28 ngày cho tất cả các trường hợp phơi nhiễm có nguy cơ. Ngừng thuốc khi xác định nguồn phơi nhiễm âm tính với HIV.
  • Dùng thuốc đúng giờ, đúng liều quy định
  • Các thuốc uống 2 lần/ngày thì phải uống cách nhau 12 giờ. Các thuốc uống 1 lần /ngày  phải uống cách nhau 24h.
  • Nếu không tuân thủ (nghĩa là các liều thuốc không được dùng đều đặn, đủ liều và đúng giờ) sẽ dẫn đến việc nồng độ thuốc trong máu thấp sẽ tạo điều kiện cho virus HIV nhân lên, có thể ảnh hưởng đến tác dụng dự phòng của thuốc.
  • Nếu quên khi nào nhớ ra uống ngay viên đó. Nhưng cần cách viên tiếp theo ít nhất là 4h. Và viên tiếp theo vẫn uống giờ cũ:
  • Nếu quên 2 hoặc 3 ngày thì khi nào có thể uống được phải uống luôn 1 viên ( 1 lần chỉ uống 1 viên chứ không uống bù liều) Và uống như bình thường cho đủ 28 ngày

 

Lưu ý khi dùng thuốc:

 

  • Khuyến cáo nên dùng thuốc vào buổi tối : vì như vậy có thể giảm bớt các tác dụng phụ của thuốc.
  • Không uống thuốc kèm uống các thuốc khác: Thuốc đau đầu hay dị ứng nên dùng cách thời điểm dùng thuốc ít nhất 2h đồng hồ.
  • Trong quá trình dùng thuốc nên hạn chế sử dụng rượu, bia và các chất kích thích
  • Các độ ăn chưa nhiều dầu mỡ có thể làm ảnh hưởng đến quá trình hấp thu thuốc nên trước khi uống thuốc chỉ nên ăn nhẹ.

 

Trên đây là những thông tin bạn có thể tham khảo về HIV. Nếu có bất kì thắc mắc hãy gọi điện đến tổng đài 19006180 để được các bác sĩ chuyên khoa tư vấn trực tiếp.


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