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Phòng và chữa cảm cúm như thế nào?  

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08:09 21/09/2017

Hầu như, không ai tránh khỏi bị cảm cúm đôi ba lần trong đời, nhất là vào lúc thời tiết chuyển mùa. Nguyên nhân gây bệnh là do virut cúm, thông thường là Rhinovirus, do đ.. [..]

Hầu như, không ai tránh khỏi bị cảm cúm đôi ba lần trong đời, nhất là vào lúc thời tiết chuyển mùa. Nguyên nhân gây bệnh là do virut cúm, thông thường là Rhinovirus, do đó việc dùng kháng sinh là không cần thiết trừ khi có biến chứng nhiễm khuẩn.


1. Triệu chứng cảm cúm

  • Sốt, đau nhức ở các khớp, cơ, mệt mỏi toàn thân, da nóng và ửng đỏ, chảy nước mắt, đau đầu, ho, đau họng và sổ mũi.

  • Các triệu chứng thương kéo dài từ 1 đến 2 tuần và sau đó có thể tự khỏi mà không cần điều trị gì. Tất cả các thuốc chỉ điều trị triệu chứng chứ không thể điều trị nguyên nhân gây bệnh.

2. Điều trị cảm cúm

Các thuốc chỉ có tác dụng điều trị triệu chứng như hạ sốt, giảm đau, chống nghẹt mũi. Bạn có thể dùng thuốc tây y hoặc các thuốc thảo dược cũng có tác dụng rất tốt trong việc giảm các triệu chứng cảm cúm.

3. Biện pháp dự phòng cảm cúm

  • Tốt nhất khi bị cúm bạn hãy nghỉ ngơi nhiều hơn, không nên làm việc nhất là những công việc lao động nặng nhọc hoặc làm việc ngoài trời.

  • Uống nhiều nước: khi bị cúm bạn nên uống nhiều nước (nước lọc, nước hoa quả, cháo, súp...), đặc biệt là nước ấm. Việc này sẽ giúp bạn giảm sốt và điều chỉnh các rối loạn điện giải, đặc biệt mất nước do sốt cao.

  • Ăn uống đủ chất: Bạn hãy tăng cường các loại rau, củ, quả, đặc biệt là tỏi và các chế phẩm từ tỏi, cùng một số loại thực phẩm như lúa mì,… có chứa khoáng chất Selenium,vitamin C… Đặc biệt là việc bổ sung vitamin C rất tốt cho tăng cường miễn dịch.

  • Rửa tay thường xuyên: Khi bạn bị ốm, chức năng của hệ miễn dịch bị suy yếu vì thế tạo cơ hội cho các virut và vi khuẩn mới xâm nhập vào cơ thể. Hãy luôn rửa tay thật sạch trước khi ăn và chế biến thức ăn và sau khi đi vệ sinh.

  • Súc miệng nước muối: Súc miệng bằng nước muối vài lần mỗi ngày có thể giúp giảm đau họng và sưng họng. Nên sử dụng nước muối ấm để súc miệng.

  • Xông hơi chữa cúm: Bạn có thể sử dụng một nồi lá xông gồm sả, lá tre, lá hương nhu… là những loại lá có tác dụng sát trùng và giải cảm hoặc đơn giản là lau người nước ấm.

  • Ăn cháo có hành, tía tô: là những vị thuốc nam có tác dụng giải cảm.

  • Cuối cùng việc tiêm văc xin phòng cúm theo mùa có tác dụng rất tốt trong việc phòng tránh cúm vi rut.

>>>Các bài viết khác : Phòng cúm cho trẻ khi thời tiết giao mùa , Các bệnh giao mùa |Phòng bệnh khi thời tiết chuyển mùa


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