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02:05 06/05/2017

Sỏi thận là căn bệnh thuộc đường tiết niệu- sinh dục phổ biến sau các bệnh viêm nhiễm và tuyến tiền liệt. Sỏi thận là một khổi rắn bao gồm một tập hợp các tinh thể nhỏ.Có.. [..]

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    A PHP Error was encountered

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  • Bệnh lý võng mạc đái tháo đường: triệu chứng và điều trị  10:01 10/01/2018
  • A PHP Error was encountered

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    A PHP Error was encountered

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  • ĐIỀU TRỊ BỆNH SỎI THẬN  10:12 17/12/2017
  • A PHP Error was encountered

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    A PHP Error was encountered

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  • YẾU TỐ NGUY CƠ CỦA BỆNH SỎI THẬN VÀ CÁC LOẠI SỎI THẬN  10:12 02/12/2017
  • A PHP Error was encountered

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    Filename: views/related_news_by_keyword.php

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    A PHP Error was encountered

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  • Những bệnh nam giới dễ mắc là gì?  12:12 25/12/2015
  • A PHP Error was encountered

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    A PHP Error was encountered

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  • Cẩn trọng nhiễm độc thận khi dùng thuốc kháng Virus  08:09 22/09/2015

Sỏi thận là căn bệnh thuộc đường tiết niệu- sinh dục phổ biến sau các bệnh viêm nhiễm và tuyến tiền liệt. Sỏi thận là một khổi rắn bao gồm một tập hợp các tinh thể nhỏ.Có thể có một hoặc nhiều sỏi xuất hiện trong thận hoặc niệu quản.

1.Nguyên nhân, yếu tố nguy cơ.

- Sỏi thận do rối loạn trao đổi chất khoáng,các chất đó không tan lâu ngày kết tủa tích tụ thành sỏi thận.

- Sỏi thận thường không có triệu chứng, khi nó di chuyển  xuống niệu quản thường gây đau ở mạn sườn rồi xuống háng.

- Thường gặp ở người trung niên hoặc cao tuổi, trẻ sinh non.


2. Các loại sỏi: có rất nhiều loại sỏi thận

- Sỏi canxi hay gặp nhất( 80-90%) gồm calci oxalte, calci phosphat và calci oxalate phosphat. Sỏi canxi liên quan đế ăn uống, hay gặp ở nam và có liên quan đến bệnh gout và hóa trị liệu.

-Sỏi acid uric.

- Sỏi cystin.

- Sỏi struvite chủ yếu gặp ở phụ nữ nhiễm trùng đường tiết niệu.

3. Triệu chứng

- Đau sườn một bên hoặc cả hai hay đau lưng.

- Đau tăng dần và di chuyển xuống khung chậu, háng và cơ quan sinh dục.

- Đi tiểu nhiều, máu trong nước tiểu; có thể tiểu ngắt quãng

- Sốt, đau háng, đau tinh hoàn.

4. Biến chứng

- Sỏi tái phát.

- Nhiễm trùng đường tiết niệu.

- Tắc niệu quản

- Suy thận.

- Suy giảm hoặc mất chức năng của thận.

5. Chẩn đoán

- Xét nghiệm nước tiểu, xét nghiệm máu.

- X-quang.

- MRI.

6. Điều trị

- Nội khoa: dùng thuốc giảm đau, uống nhiều nước để sỏi đi ra nước tiểu được (ít nhất 6-8 cốc/ngày).

- Ngoại khoa: tán sỏi, mổi nội soi lấy sỏi.

7. Chế độ dinh dưỡng khi bị sỏi thận.

- Uống nhiều nước khoảng 2,5-3l/ngày.

- Ăn uống điều độ các thực phẩm chứa calci như sữa và phomai.

- Uống nhiều nước cam, chanh, bưởi vì chứa nhiều citrate chống tạo sỏi.

- Nên ăn nhiều rau củ  giúp giảm hấp thu các chất gây sỏi thận.

- Hạn chế thịt động vật, thay cá bằng thịt, hạn chế tôm cua.

- Hạn chế ăn mặn, các loại thức phẩm nhưu dưa cà muối, cá muối và các loại đồ đóng hộp, đồ ăn nhanh.

- Hạn chế thực phẩm nhiều dầu mỡ, các đồ chiên rán.

- Gỉam các thực phẩm chứa nhiều oxalate như các loại đâu( đậu phộng), cà phê, socola, trà đặc.

- Rau bina và rau muống nên hạn chế vì chứa nhiều oxalate nhất.

Chú ý: Trên đây là những thông tin bạn có thể tham khảo . Nếu có bất kì vấn đề thắc mắc hãy gọi điện đến tổng đài 19006180 để được các bác sỹ chuyên khoa tư vấn trực tiếp.


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  • Nấc cụt bị tan biến nhanh chóng  03:02 28/02/2018
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  • THỰC PHẨM HỖ TRỢ ĐIỀU TRỊ THOÁI HÓA KHỚP  09:10 19/10/2017
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  • Bị rắn cắn | Sơ cứu khi bị rắn cắn  04:07 21/07/2017

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  • Biểu hiện của viêm đường tiết niệu  07:03 14/03/2017
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  • Những kiêng kỵ để "dưỡng" dạ dày  10:02 02/02/2016
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