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Nguy cơ lây nhiễm HIV khi quan hệ miệng với GMD?

 09:0004/12/2016

Câu hỏi

Chào Anh/ chị ạ Cho em xin hỏi chút ạ 1,Em bị chảy máu chân răng quan hệ với gái md mà em liếm bộ phận sinh dục của gái md thì có bị lây HIV không ạ. 2, em bị xước măng rô mà cho ngón tay bị xước vào bộ bận sinh dục của gái mại dâm có bị nhiễm HIV không ạ. 3, bị gái mại dâm cắn chảy máu trong trường hợp cô gái đó bị chảy máu chân răng thì có bị lây nhiễm HIV không ạ. 4, trong trường hợp tháo bcs vô tình rách bao để lại 1 miếng trên đầu dương vật có thể nhiễm HIV không ạ. Cho em xin được tư vấn ạ, em cảm ơn anh/ chị nhiều.

Trả lời

Chào em, cám ơn em đã gửi câu hỏi đến cho tổng đài! Chúng tôi xin trả lời vấn đề thắc mắc của em như sau.

Theo nghiên cứu, trong trường hợp quan hệ tình dục không an toàn lần đầu tiên với tất cả các đối tượng, nguy cơ lây nhiễm HIV như sau:

Qua đường âm đạo: 0, 3- 0,5%.

Qua đường hậu môn: 1,7- 2%.

Qua đường  miệng: 0,09- 0,1%.

Trường hợp câu hỏi 1 và câu hỏi 2 , miệng em bị chảy máu chân răng hay tay em bị xước măng rô tiếp xúc với dịch âm đạo của gái mại dâm  là đã có nguy cơ lây nhiễm HIV, và tỷ lệ cao hơn các con số nêu phía trên.

Trường hợp câu hỏi 3, nếu cô gái đó cắn em và vết cắn không để lại xây xước gì thì có thể  hoàn toàn yên tâm không có yếu tố nguy cơ, nhưng nếu vết cắn chảy máu thì em cũng đã có nguy cơ lây nhiễm.

Trường hợp câu hỏi 4, trong cả quá trình quan hệ, bao cao su không rách, chỉ rách khi rút ra và sau đó dương vật không tiếp xúc trực tiếp với dịch âm đạo của cô gái đó nữa thì em hoàn toàn không có nguy cơ lây nhiễm. Tuy nhiên nếu em không đảm bảo rằng bao cao su có rách khi đang quan hệ hay không thì nguy cơ lây nhiễm của em vẫn là 0,3- 0,5 % (1000 người có 3-5 người lây nhiễm HIV).

Vậy sau các trường hợp 1, 2, 3, và trường hợp 4 nếu không chắc chắn có rách bao cao su trong quá trình quan hệ hay không thì em có thể cân nhắc uống thuốc dự phòng lây nhiễm trong 72 giờ sau phơi nhiễm với thời gian 28 ngày. Sau đó, em có thể đi xét nghiệm kiểm tra để đảm bảo lại bản thân chắc chắn không lây nhiễm HIV.

Chúc em nhiều sức khỏe và có một đời sống tình dục an toàn.

Có bất kì thắc mắc gì em có thể gọi điện đến tổng đài 19006180 để được các Bác sỹ giải đáp trực tiếp

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